PhD Progress Report

Argh I hate writing progress reports…although it does tickle the inner lawyer in me…

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So every year of your PhD you have to give a progress update…

Although there is a template from the ethics committee…it doesn’t give you examples of how you should word your updates (and I need structure)….

Loved this one – thank you Liyana!!

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Coolest folder naming system ever!!!

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Had to share this brilliant folder naming system with you….credit to the PhDer who came up with it but has remained anonymous…

Pretty much name things as per the phase of the event.

01_Research Plan

02_Research Proposal

03_ Ethics

04_Method

05_Data

06_ Results

07_Findings

08_For exam

Or For a literature review

01_Scope

02_Search

03_Draft

04_Publish

Your sub folders within each folder would be related to each phase, making it easier to locate everything.

It’s a good idea to put a README set of instructions that explains your folder naming logic too (incase you get amnesia).

Plus, my 2 favourite must have folders / subfolders: A “Reference” folder where you save any resources / references / info.

Sharing is Caring 🙂 Feel free to let us know if you have an awesome system going too.

Best wishes!!

 

Simple steps for a systematic literature review (Part A: search terms and database search)

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Thanks for the support, it shows that there are others out there going through the same journey too (hopefully we all get to celebrate success together too) 🙂

So these are the steps I followed to figure out my search terms and select databases to search for:

Search Terms

  1. Go to your university or institution library website
  2. Go to databases
  3. Search for Ebscohost or ProQuest
  4. Type in your main search terms or topic that you are researching.  A drop down list should appear with search term options (see below) if not, press space after your term and the drop down list should appear.

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5. On the right, there is another field (on the left of the green search button).  You can select where you want to find your search terms.  I went for title and abstract .

6. Once you hit search, a list of results will come up.  There is usually a section on the page that shows your search terms (see yellow highlighted section below).

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7. (Save your search terms) Select and copy this on something like “sticky notes” or “notepad” that you can have open on your screen and copy and paste into the other database search fields.

8. Depending on your topic, you know you’re on the right track when you have 200 or less results.  3 million results says your search term is too broad.

Mega Database Searches

You could follow my previous post and find relevant databases through the subject guide on your university / institute library website.

OR

Fast track: Do what I call a mothership search.  These sites search multiple databases for you. (For more info: http://guides.library.ucla.edu/databases/multiple)

Find these databases through your library website:

  • Ebscohost
  • ProQuest
  • Wiley online
  • Springerlink

You can even select which databases you want it to search (just make sure you copy the names of the databases that usually show up in the limits section on the left of your results screen.  You might need to state which databases you searched in your literature review especially if it’s a systematic.

Download each of your searches into your citation manager (e.g. Endnote etc) so you have a copy of the reference.  You can usually find some button that says SAVE or SEND up the top right in the results screen.  TIP: RIS = Endnote (why don’t they tell you these things….)

I create groups in Endnote with the name of the database and date searched and which search term group I used e.g. Proquest Search 1 dd mmm yy

Screening

If following the Joanna Briggs Institute guide for scoping reviews that I mentioned in my previous blog.  You will have 2 reviewers to screen (filter through the good and rubbish results you found).

This website makes it all the less painful, allows both of you to go through the same set of results together and even gets rid of the duplicates when you import into it. You import your references from your citation manager and off you go.

https://www.covidence.org

You may need to ask your university or institute if they have licenses for Covidence but it sure makes life easier.

Major tip from my supervisor (that no one tells you) is Do all your searches on the same day…as articles get published, your results will change with time. You need this if your review says that “as of the time that I write this, this was the literature on it and what it said”..

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Hope that helps…

Don’t worry if you have to do your searches multiple times or change your search terms.  It happens to all of us.  Just make sure you allocate lots of extra time for this so it doesn’t stress you out.

Once you get the hang of it, it’s much less painful….trust me.

I say undergrad is theory only, master level is application but in a PhD you need to learn and apply your learning at the SAME time which is like learning how to walk and running at the same time which is why I guess PhDs are PhDs :).

So give yourself time to practice the theory and get good with Endnote, database search etc and soon we too will be able to do literature reviews in minutes…..and remember that you are human.

Writing a journal article – scoping review

Yes…I did a course on writing a literature review which gave me an introduction..

No…it’s not helping me write my scoping review for my Phd

Because…it needs to be publishable…

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So although I haven’t said hello in awhile, hopefully this will help someone else with writing their scoping review for publication as part of their PhD. 🙂

I haven’t finished it yet but I wanted to share some starting points.

Why? Because when I googled “scoping review” or “process to write a journal article” – I didn’t find anything that said:

Baby step 1) open your computer

Baby step 2) turn on your computer and breathe…

(Basically big, complicated articles that didn’t tell you the step by step details of how to get started and why in simple to understand language for baby PhDers like me).

Here’s my step 1:  What is a literature review?

Did you know there are different types of literature reviews? I wish someone had said a scoping review is a type of literature review (they’re not different things).

Here’s a start:

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The full spectrum of reviews is in this journal article (Grant and Booth, 2009) that is of academic standard (your supervisors will be happy if you reference this): Check out Table 1

This Pickering systematic review process has come in handy for PhDers.

Step 2:  Where do I start?

Step 3:  Step 1 and 2 above (your aim and criteria for the review)

My literature review is about my PhD topic.  So my aim and search criteria relates to that.

Example: PhD on Why green apples are sour?  Search criteria for literature review: Aim: to explore existing literature on green apples (don’t bias it by saying “sour” as your search should be broad to begin with). Major tip from my supervisor.

At this step I drafted with my supervisors the aim, search terms, inclusions and exclusions following this guide (Joanna Briggs Institute) methodology for scoping reviews.  Just google or ask your supervisors for guidelines for your particular scoping review relevant to your field / topic.

Step 4:  Search databases

Where do I start? What’s the best database for my topic/aim/interest?

(Lesson learnt: If you google “choosing a database” you’ll find out how to find a good computer database not one for a literature search)  ARGHHHHHH

So … I spoke to my university librarian because they know this stuff like in their sleep. BEST IDEA EVERRRR!! They’ll likely guide you through the following:

  1. Go to university library website
  2. subject guide
  3. search for your subject/topic/field of interest
  4. It’ll come up with the relevant databases
  5. Big tip: when you click in the database, sign in or log into the database, this will let you save your searches in a folder
  6. For the rest of how to do searches and search terms, I suggest asking your librarian and supervisor who will guide you to the best resources.

That’s all I’m up to for now…

Hopefully next post I’ll come back with the rest of the steps having completed a successful review that is publishable.

Best of luck everyone!!